Saturday, February 29, 2020

About Jhumpa Lahiri

She graduated from South Kingstown High school and later achieved multiple degrees in Boston university. In 2001, She married Alberto vourvoulias –Bush, A journalist who was then a deputy editor of â€Å"The Times†. Interpreter of maladies Lahiri’s short stories faced rejection from publishers for years. But, Finally in 1999, Her first short story composition was released. The short stories address sensitive dilemmas in the lives of Indians. Including themes such as miscarriages and martial difficulties. Also, the disconnection between first and second generation United States immigrants. It was highly praised by American critics and sold 600,000 copies. Also, it received the 2000 Pulitzer price for Fiction The namesake â€Å"The Namesake† was Lahiri’s first novel and was published in 2003. The story spans over thirty years in the Ganguli family. The Calcutta born parents emigrated as young adults to The United States Of America with their children Gongol and Sonia where they experienced the constant generational and cultural gap. Lahiri made herself as a cameo â€Å"Aunt Jhumpa†. Unaccustomed earth â€Å"Unaccustomed Earth, Her second collection of novels was published on 1 April, 2008. It went to the number 1 spot just few days after it’s release on the New York best-seller list. It was praised a lot by all critics and masses and sold thousands and thousands of copies. Achievements and awards * 1993 – TransAtlantic Award from the Henfield Foundation * 1999 –  O. Henry Award  for short story â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 1999 –  PEN/Hemingway Award  (Best Fiction Debut of the Year) for â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 1999 – â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† selected as one of  Best American Short Stories * 2000 – Addison Metcalf Award from the  American Academy of Arts and Letters * 2000 – â€Å"The Third and Final Continent† selected as one of  Best American Short Stories 2000 –  The New Yorker’s Best Debut of the Year for â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 2000 –  Pulitzer Prize for Fiction  for her debut â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 2000 –  James Beard Foundation’s M. F. K. Fisher Distinguished Writing Award for â€Å"Indian Takeout† in  Food Wine Magazine * 2002 –  Guggenheim Fellowshi p * 2002 – â€Å"Nobody’s Business† selected as one of  Best American Short Stories * 2008 –  Frank O’Connor International Short Story Award  for â€Å"Unaccustomed Earth† * 2009 –  Asian American Literary Award  for â€Å"Unaccustomed Earth† About Jhumpa Lahiri She graduated from South Kingstown High school and later achieved multiple degrees in Boston university. In 2001, She married Alberto vourvoulias –Bush, A journalist who was then a deputy editor of â€Å"The Times†. Interpreter of maladies Lahiri’s short stories faced rejection from publishers for years. But, Finally in 1999, Her first short story composition was released. The short stories address sensitive dilemmas in the lives of Indians. Including themes such as miscarriages and martial difficulties. Also, the disconnection between first and second generation United States immigrants. It was highly praised by American critics and sold 600,000 copies. Also, it received the 2000 Pulitzer price for Fiction The namesake â€Å"The Namesake† was Lahiri’s first novel and was published in 2003. The story spans over thirty years in the Ganguli family. The Calcutta born parents emigrated as young adults to The United States Of America with their children Gongol and Sonia where they experienced the constant generational and cultural gap. Lahiri made herself as a cameo â€Å"Aunt Jhumpa†. Unaccustomed earth â€Å"Unaccustomed Earth, Her second collection of novels was published on 1 April, 2008. It went to the number 1 spot just few days after it’s release on the New York best-seller list. It was praised a lot by all critics and masses and sold thousands and thousands of copies. Achievements and awards * 1993 – TransAtlantic Award from the Henfield Foundation * 1999 –  O. Henry Award  for short story â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 1999 –  PEN/Hemingway Award  (Best Fiction Debut of the Year) for â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 1999 – â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† selected as one of  Best American Short Stories * 2000 – Addison Metcalf Award from the  American Academy of Arts and Letters * 2000 – â€Å"The Third and Final Continent† selected as one of  Best American Short Stories 2000 –  The New Yorker’s Best Debut of the Year for â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 2000 –  Pulitzer Prize for Fiction  for her debut â€Å"Interpreter of Maladies† * 2000 –  James Beard Foundation’s M. F. K. Fisher Distinguished Writing Award for â€Å"Indian Takeout† in  Food Wine Magazine * 2002 –  Guggenheim Fellowshi p * 2002 – â€Å"Nobody’s Business† selected as one of  Best American Short Stories * 2008 –  Frank O’Connor International Short Story Award  for â€Å"Unaccustomed Earth† * 2009 –  Asian American Literary Award  for â€Å"Unaccustomed Earth†

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Internet and Music Industry Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 words

Internet and Music Industry - Essay Example The music industry is not limited to the artists and the record companies. It also includes the composers, the musicians’ representatives, television and radio broadcasting companies, advertising agencies and so much more. It has, for the past 50 years, earned most of its revenues through selling its artists’ albums in the form of long play (LP) record albums, cassette tapes, compact discs (CDs) and digital versatile discs (DVDs). Aside from these albums sold in record stores, revenue also comes from music videos played on television, music played over the radio, and, of course, concerts and tours. The music industry is considered to be one of the top industries as far as value and income are concerned. In the last few years, however, with the rise of the Internet, the music industry has found new ways to earn money. Record companies began to collect orders online and ship their products to any part of the world which has internet access. And even later, they learned to collect money in exchange for downloadable music. This meant that they needed less money to produce and store their products. It also meant faster service for the customers and, therefore, faster influx of cash. The internet became a very good source of income as it has a greater consumer reach, faster response time, and it presented a lot of choices for the consumers. But, as with many happy stories, there is a down side to this new technology. The internet also gave way to both small and large scale piracy. It allowed its users to violate intellectual property rights in a snap, that they do not even realize it until much later. The instant connection between people that the internet provided allowed its users to share files, especially music and other multimedia content. The rise of multimedia tools and social networks, such as YouTube, Facebook, Bebo, Friendster, and MySpace, made copyright infringement easier, faster and even harder to control. 39% of social network users embed copyrighted materials into their pages and 79% of them say that these embedded media reflect their personality. In the early part, consumers did not realize that this was a form of piracy and just enjoyed acquiring "free" music. Then after some time, when record companies started to feel the pain of illegal downloads, they started informing the world of how their properties are being stolen even if unintended. Still, illegal downloads have gone up from 36% in 2006 to 43% in 2007.4 The record companies

Saturday, February 1, 2020

That Which Is Accepted as Knowledge Today Is Sometimes Discarded Essay

That Which Is Accepted as Knowledge Today Is Sometimes Discarded Tomorrow - Essay Example For example, these days, men can assume the feminine roles in the house like cleaning and washing the dishes and doing gardening and the laundry. Women too have assumed roles that men once had like being a police officer or being a president. This is perhaps due to the change in the knowledge that the world has concerning gender roles for now we are in the times when women work more than the men (Barksdale). Moreover, in the field of psychology, there has recently been a deluge of new information on various topics that have once been considered taboos. These include mind power, yoga, mental telepathy, the Law of Attraction, and other rather novel lifestyles and alternative healing practices (Natalina). We see these things on TV all the time, and although our ancestors would have been disgusted, we rather feel fascination. Societies have also discarded as obsolete any concept that fostered discrimination. For example, society would usually not only frown upon but even ostracize homosexuals. However, nowadays, as homosexuality is not anymore a considered a disease, society has become more tolerant of homosexuals and the stigma has somehow waned. However, nowadays, we see gay bars and Gay Pride marches on the street, and some States and countries have even legalized gay marriage (Herek). Perhaps, the knowledge that has changed is not only the fact that homosexuality as a disease but also the idea that homosexuals are also human beings who deserve every right that heterosexuals enjoy. This sudden, revolutionary way of thinking may have also been brought about by the reading of literature that praised democracy and equality in society. Not only this, but perhaps society has also become more tolerant of children who answer their parents back. Nowadays, based on my experience, I see children answering their parents back whenever these children did not like what the latter said. Perhaps, this is a result in the change in knowledge

Friday, January 24, 2020

The Long-Term Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse Essay -- Adult Manifes

Child abuse is a serious issue in today's society. There are many victims of child abuse. There are three kinds of child abuse: emotional, sexual, and physical. Many researchers believe that sexual abuse is the most detrimental of the three. A middle-aged adult who is feeling depressed will probably not relate it back to his childhood, but maybe he should. The short-term effects of childhood sexual abuse have been proven valid, but now the question is, do the long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse affect middle-aged adults? Many contradicting views arise from the subject of childhood sexual abuse. Researchers and psychologists argue on this issue. Childhood sexual abuse has the possibility to damage a child physically, emotionally, and behaviorally for the rest of his or her childhood, and the affects have been connected to lasting into middle-aged adulthood. The Victims Research has been conducted on what type of children are the most at risk of being sexually abused. Childhood abuse has a greater chance of happening to children of certain backgrounds. One researcher states that Child sexual abuse occurs more frequently in children from socially deprived and disorganized family backgrounds. Marital dysfunction, as evidenced by parental separation and domestic violence, is associated with higher risks of child sexual abuse (Mullen 4). Mullen also states that "The possibility has been raised that characteristics such as physical attractiveness, temperament, or physical maturity might increase the risks of children being sexually abused" (4). Behavioral Problems Many researchers link behavioral problems in adultho... ...essed Memories of Child Abuse may be Valid." Child Sexual Abuse. Ed. Bruno Leone. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1998. 27-34 Kasner, Shane. "The Relationship Between Adult Psychological Adjustments and Childhood Sexual Abuse." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 15:12 (Dec 2000): 1243-1267 Kliest, George A. "Research on Long-term Effects of Child Abuse." Family Journal 7 (Apr 1999): 154-163. Galileo. 11 Nov 2001 McKeown, L.A. "Research Reveals Changes in the Brain Years After Abuse." Aug 2000. Online Posting. WebMD Medical News. {http://webmd.lycos.com/content/articles/1728.599557} Mullen, Paul E. "Long-term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse" Issues in Child Abuse Prevention 9 (Aug 1998): 989-1011 Whiffen, Valerie E. "Mediators of the Link Between Childhood Abuse and Adult Depressive Symptoms." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 15:10 (Oct 2000): 1100-1121 The Long-Term Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse Essay -- Adult Manifes Child abuse is a serious issue in today's society. There are many victims of child abuse. There are three kinds of child abuse: emotional, sexual, and physical. Many researchers believe that sexual abuse is the most detrimental of the three. A middle-aged adult who is feeling depressed will probably not relate it back to his childhood, but maybe he should. The short-term effects of childhood sexual abuse have been proven valid, but now the question is, do the long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse affect middle-aged adults? Many contradicting views arise from the subject of childhood sexual abuse. Researchers and psychologists argue on this issue. Childhood sexual abuse has the possibility to damage a child physically, emotionally, and behaviorally for the rest of his or her childhood, and the affects have been connected to lasting into middle-aged adulthood. The Victims Research has been conducted on what type of children are the most at risk of being sexually abused. Childhood abuse has a greater chance of happening to children of certain backgrounds. One researcher states that Child sexual abuse occurs more frequently in children from socially deprived and disorganized family backgrounds. Marital dysfunction, as evidenced by parental separation and domestic violence, is associated with higher risks of child sexual abuse (Mullen 4). Mullen also states that "The possibility has been raised that characteristics such as physical attractiveness, temperament, or physical maturity might increase the risks of children being sexually abused" (4). Behavioral Problems Many researchers link behavioral problems in adultho... ...essed Memories of Child Abuse may be Valid." Child Sexual Abuse. Ed. Bruno Leone. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1998. 27-34 Kasner, Shane. "The Relationship Between Adult Psychological Adjustments and Childhood Sexual Abuse." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 15:12 (Dec 2000): 1243-1267 Kliest, George A. "Research on Long-term Effects of Child Abuse." Family Journal 7 (Apr 1999): 154-163. Galileo. 11 Nov 2001 McKeown, L.A. "Research Reveals Changes in the Brain Years After Abuse." Aug 2000. Online Posting. WebMD Medical News. {http://webmd.lycos.com/content/articles/1728.599557} Mullen, Paul E. "Long-term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse" Issues in Child Abuse Prevention 9 (Aug 1998): 989-1011 Whiffen, Valerie E. "Mediators of the Link Between Childhood Abuse and Adult Depressive Symptoms." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 15:10 (Oct 2000): 1100-1121

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Multifocal learning Essay

Everybody has their own learning styles. Some learn by seeing, some by hearing, some by reading or writing and some by experiencing things. Multifocal learning is the preferred learning style for majority of the learning population. Multifocal learning can be a combination of Visual and Auditory or Read/Write or Kinesthetic. It can also be a combination of 2or 3 of the above mentioned leaning styles. Multifocal Learning helps to use more strategies to learn and communicate. So based on the questionnaire aural, read/write and kinesthetic is the preferred learning style. For the multifocal learners, they prefer more techniques of learning and they may feel incomplete if they have to stick to only one strategy. To learn new things in desirable way, one is comfortable and they have to make useful what they are involved and to get good grades, one has to prefer one main learning strategy and make use of the other strategies as a support. Of the three strategies mentioned in the preferred leaning styles, read / write is the one which sounds good. Compared to strategies like aural, read / write and kinesthetic, read/write has more benefits. Most people use some or all of the instructions mentioned below if reading / writing is strongly preferred. The information is taken in the best way if one will do lists of readings , note headings, refer dictionaries, mark glossaries, have definitions and handouts, do reading like read textbooks and library readings, have notes of whatever you learn, read essays, note the good words and notes from the teachers and use of manuals for lab purposes. To benefit maximum from the r/ w one has to repeatedly write the words until memorized and also read the notes frequently to be up-to-date. Also its benefits from rewriting, in other words, of the ideas and principles learned. One has to be organizing the diagrams, graphs or charts into more comprehensible. Note answers for exams, multiple choice questions should be practiced, practice writing essays, arranging the words to hierarchies or points and listing the points by 1,2,3,4. Speaking about Kinesthetic learning, we have to use all our senses like sight, touch, taste, smell and hearing, go to lab, have field tours and trips, will remember lectures which gives real life examples, will remember the examples cited, the applications and exhibits, needs recipes for problem solutions , have to have hands on approach, also needs trial and error methods. There will be literally no lecture notes and will have to remember real things occurred. Using pictures to show the idea.  They have to recall experiments or go back to lab. Have to use examples into the studies to memorise. Have to relate to situations to recollect later and having role play the situations or talking to another person will help to improve learning. And the last method Aural learning, one has to be attending classes and tu torials, topics should be discussed with friends and teachers, use tape recorders to listen, Also remembering the examples from sroties or jokes. Also decription of pictures and other visuals to someone who was not present at the time and leaving spaces in the notes to recall later and fill it. Others to listening to the notes you make for better understanding. Reading your notes aloud and explaining the notes to another aural person will be a good idea. Imagine that you are talking to the examiner. To recall the ideas it is good to be in quite places. Say your answers aloud or in your head. On evaluation study habits should be improved in various areas to enhance knowledge. The most important are as follows, one has to try to learn as much things as possible as they come up in the lecture, classes or sessions and also have to spend time on those before the due of assignments or tests. It’s a good idea to learn things from daily life which helps us in our practical knowledge. Reading news and journals will improve the general knowledge. Always find some time to clear all your doubts with your professors. Put your wok and study in a way that it will not interfere with each other. Finally good eating and rest is an inevitable part for good learning. VARK learning style assessment is widely used process which helps to direct one’s learning styles. As it gives the options of the learning styles one can have different learning strategies which help to improve learning. The VARK questionnaire gives options to people to the different ways to learning. Also it is useful for people who have difficulty in learning in their ways. VARK is used in the fields of business, sports, and education and training purposes. But it’s very important that the learning style is one’s own preference. There is no limit in the way to learn or there is no particular style or any advantage to have any of the learning strategies. The best way is to choose from the different available learning strategies, either one or in combination, which works best for you. Visual learning is mainly by videos, slide shows, pictures or postures. Also textbooks with pictures and diagrams help a lot. Graphs, flowcharts, symbols, also using highlighters to underline different topics and gestures  and picturesque language used for teaching by lecturers also include in the visual learning.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Science May Be Interesting To Most, But Its Development

Science may be interesting to most, but its development has the potential to be absolutely terrifying. We are warned of this in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. This extremely famous novel is about a scientist named Victor Frankenstein who creates a grotesque creature, using electricity. Many assume the creature’s name to be Frankenstein as it may be depicted in movies but this is false, as the scientist’s name is Frankenstein and the monster does not have a name. New developing science allows Victor to create this creature which, as we learn throughout the story, should never have been created. Mary Shelley uses multiple themes in Frankenstein to reflect society and ultimately define the genre of science fiction. Mary Shelley uses†¦show more content†¦Mary Shelley’s novel, while taking a step towards the modern era, still contains a plethora of romanticism. For example, all three narrators in the novel (Walton, Frankenstein, and the creature) contain a similar romantic desire â€Å"for intense feeling and human perfectibility—they are all striving for the sublime, and they are doing so within the confines of human (or near human) imagination, human (or near human) emotion† (Robinson 94). Sublimity is a perfect mixture of beauty and the grotesque, to a point where one wants to look away, but he cannot. This desire is found through all three main characters in the novel, helping to prove that this is not only an interesting story, but a romantic novel. This idea of sublime is not just found in the desire of characters, however, but in the actual characters themselves. For example, the monster in Frankenstein represents a mixture of â€Å"humanity with physical deformity, a desire for community with an irreducible foreignness, great physical strength with femininity† (Nardo 65). Shelley is able to mix what one would expect from a monster, with multiple unexpected qualities. This would then create a Byronic fig ure who is not necessarily a hero, but still contains the sublime, misunderstood qualities, that a Byronic hero may have. The story of Frankenstein contains characters and elements that reflect the Romantic era. The quest for knowledge, while very much alive at the time, isShow MoreRelatedWhy Is Majoring A Business? Essay764 Words   |  4 PagesMajoring in business is a really interesting and popular major to choose. You learn a lot of new things as growing into the business areas. You discover the employment opportunities, which is seeing what skills you are into and what are you more interested in. For example, some employment opportunities would be a retail trade, manufacturing, and wholesale trade. 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Monday, December 30, 2019

Stroe Chain In Pakistan - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3387 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/09/23 Category Advertising Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Assignment Makro Pakistan – Customer Services Strategy By – Sarfraz Hassan Manager Communication ( I. T. ) – Atlas Group 14th August 2010 Table of Content * Grocery Stores in Pakistan * Makro Pakistan – A brief history * Market Competitive Edge * Challenges and Target * Strategic planning * Action Plan * Conclusion Grocery Stores in Pakistan Over the last two decade broader socio-economic changes, including growth in the urban middle class and disposable incomes have given rise to the modern retail sector in Pakistan. There has been a marked decrease in traditional ‘kiryana’ stores, an increase in general stores and the emergence of new formats such as superstores, malls and retail chains to cater to the increasingly time-compressed consumer. Long ago, it was a simpler time for inventory management: the owners knew their customers well, what products they needed and how much they would be willing to pay for them. If a customer reque sted something the store did not carry, it was simply added to the next purchase order. Today, the shopping experience looks much different. The proliferation of department stores, grocery store chains and big-box stores during the past two decades has ushered in dramatic changes to the retail landscape—rendering customer-centricity an increasingly elusive goal. The food and other items are need of every human. We see in Pakistan, from small shops to whole sale dealers, from corner pan shop to multi stories super stores. The progress in this regard is tremendous as new ideas and techniques are keep coming to sell the items. Recently we saw the chain of Makro and Metro giant store where you get everything under one roof. Makro Pakistan A brief history Makro is a part of House of Habib group. House of Habib is the business house of the Mohammedali Habib Family. Mohammedali Habib, a man of vision and exceptional leadership together with his brothers was the architect and builder of the Group which includes Habib Metropolitan Bank and Habib Insurance Co. Ltd. , established in 1941 and 1942 respectively. Today, HOH employs over 10,000 people who work to provide an array of products and services in Pakistan. These activities range from automobiles (Indus Motors) to audio media, buildings to banking and computers to chemicals. Managing a network of public and private companies, the House of Habib has equity and technical collaborations with British, Japanese and Norwegian companies. House of Habib despite its conservative and traditional values places great emphasis on decentralized professional management that has resulted in a progressive and dynamic organization. MAKRO is a Dutch chain of large-scale wholesale supermarkets having a strong presence in many countries around the world. In Pakistan, it entered the market as a joint venture between its parent company SVH and the House of Habib to launch as Makro Habib Pakistan Limited. Habib group o pened Makro in 2005. Makro demonstrated a commitment to grow in Pakistan by entering the wholesale sector and with plans to invest around USD 300 mn in the next four years. Pakistan’s wholesale sector has been a grossly neglected segment of the economy; Makro pioneered into its age old customs and led the change by introducing modern and transparent rules of trade. Makro has also brought the latest technology and techniques to preserve and enhance the life of fresh farm produce. This will not only benefit the farmer but also the common man. Each Makro Wholesale Centre provides direct employment to 200 people, and brings in countless business transactions into the documented part of the economy, which is a significant step towards complimenting Governments’ efforts. It was soon realized by Makro that more and more individual customers are coming for shopping and thus Makro enhanced its products range. Makro categorize its products in three categories: * Dry food * Fr esh food * Non food Makro main focus is on * Competitive Prices * Quality Guaranteed * Everything Under One Roof * Air-conditioned and clean environment * Bulk Packing * Detailed Sales Invoice Extended Business Hours – 8:00 am to 12 Midnight * Open 7 days a Week including national holidays * Vast and secure parking space * Makro Mail: a fortnightly price list with special promotions on a vast range of products Market Competitive Edge Entering into the consumer goods was a great experience. As CEO Makro Jamal Mustafa Siddiqui rightly said that local supermarkets often offer many things, while cash carry type stores mostly compete on price but there is no compromise on quality. CEO further added that one of the factors which distinguish Makro from other outlets is the ample parking space and the cozy environment. This makes a visit to Makro a family event. Visitors not only come in search on quality products available at most competitive prices but also avail a chance to ea t together. They dont have to bother about the security of any kind. The huge hall on a single floor gives customers a sense of easiness and it has been witnessed that parents are relaxed while shopping as they know their children are around â€Å"somewhere safe†. The availability of variety of product range with proper price tag is a feature where customers decide instantly what to buy and how much to buy. There are teams of sales person everywhere in the store but it was found that people normally find things easily and hardly they talk to sales person. The board of each product are placed everywhere so that customer can read where ever he is on the floor. The store was started as a whole sale way concept but soon it turned out to be the fact that 50% of sale is coming from individual costumers. CEO Makro mentioned in his one of interview that we did not go for huge electronic marketing campaign like TV or radio or even newspapers. We grew by word of mouth. And that g ives us a competitive edge over other stores. The daily sale is a more than 1 million. The suppliers are giving Makro a handsome discounts and Makro is passing this discounts to customers. Few more stores are coming. For example, Metro which is totally whole sale store and recently Naheed Supermarket shifted their style in a same way as Makro does. But still Makro has 34% market share in whole sale market and 41% in individual customers market. It has opened few more stores in Karachi as well as in Lahore. Makro Customers Makro has two types of customers. * Institutional * Individuals Both type of customer want quality, price and convenience It is now a fact that only providing items is not enough, there has to be service in front end. In institutional customers, the whole sale customers are included. The requirement of this category is totally different as compared to individual customers. Therefore, the planning and strategy for both types of customers is different. Initially t he strategy was made only for institutional customers and less focus on individual costumers. But when data available showed that the more revenue is generated from these customers then it is time to be customer centric. Makro has realized the fact that customers are now expecting more form Makro. They are now expecting that what ever they want to buy, it will be available in Makro. If Makro does not fulfill its customer needs, then it will soon start loosing its existing customers and it means loss in profit. One more complaint received is that Makro does not have â€Å"ALL† products and sometimes people have to compromise in few items. Makro has started taking feedback form customers so that they can understand the behavior of customers. They have observed that many people buy routine fixed item and many does not like bulk quantity schemes. As the CEO Makro said that we don’t compromise on quality, this is true as customers don’t get any less quality pro ducts there but through feedback it was also learnt that some good quality products are missing from the shelf which is required by customers. CRM A active database system is in place where total inventory management is controlled and in fact it gives information ahead of time that which items are required in three months time. The system is also connected with other outlets across the country and a centralized database is maintained. This gives Makro an advantage to place its order to its supplier for all store in one go. As far as customers inputs are concerns, this system need update, so that customers complaints can also be handled from centralized management. Further, it is not connected with supplier and manual work has to be done. Challenges The challenges currently Makro is facing are: * ALL items are not available in store * New stores are coming with enhanced services * Sale might go down by 10% * Closure of Makro Saddar Karachi by Supreme Court. * No inputs from custom ers in CRM system and connection with supplier is missing Meeting local market needs is just one of many factors contributing to the increasingly complex task of store management. How do balance changing market conditions, financial risks and supplier limitation, all while accommodating fast-changing trends? How do Makro accurately forecast inventory positions for the upcoming holiday season when previous buying patterns dont hold true in the current economic environment? And how can Makro ensure that their merchandise forecasts and plans are actually achievable? Targets After analyzing the market trend and customers need and expectation, it is time for Makro to sit again and do its home work and come up with right strategy and an action plan to face the challenges mentioned above. The management of Makro was sure on one thing and that they will succeed if they focus customer and align its strategy according to their needs. To create a customer-centric shopping experience, it is critical for Makro to make smarter decisions about product selection and inventory management. Strategic Planning Makro adopted a very simple strategy and that was to â€Å"Give what customers want†. Because in this era of inflation, customers are interested in getting their shopping done in one trip to save his time, money, petrol etc. In order to accomplish this task an action plan has been made and details are given below Action Plan Objective: * Enhance CRM and implement Voice of customer solution (from supplier to customers). * Ensure availability of all required items in the shelf * Increase sale by 20% * Re open new store in new location. * Keep track on competitors performance and tactics The action plan was divided into four broad categories * Understand Customers * Set Quality Service Standards * Build a winning team * Check up regularly * Provide proactive problem solving Understand Customers Doing business without knowing what customer exactly want is som ething like selling eye glasses to a blind man. Therefore, in order to know customers, there has to be a mechanism where maximum data is available. Collect Data To enhance their CRM system, data is required in different format to analyze it. Makro hired sales officer to ask and ask each and every customer following questions. * How you feel here in Makro? * Is this your first time? * Did you get all things you wanted? * Do you find it expensive? * Any plan to visit again? * Is there any complaint/suggestion you have.? * How can we do better? The next feedback was taken from 200 employees which were more related to their duty timings, their uniform, areas of services, their expertise, their observations and their suggestions. The suppliers were brought in picture and their systems were studied and joint efforts made to connect suppliers to Makro CRM system. Once, all information is available, then in CRM systems, it is time to sit together and senior management scrutinized all ava ilable data and interestingly few very amazing information were discovered. For example, Makro put some chocolate and candy near cash counters so that they can attack young ones. But complaint received from parents that they don’t like that chocolate and candies to be placed near cash counter as their children got out of control and one lady mentioned that she will not come to Makro again due to this same reason. Strategy of earning few quick pennies was actually loosing customers on long term basis. !! Makro adopted the policy to retain the customers as it is a fact that you spend more to attract new customers and therefore it is a good policy to retain old customers and those will become loyal customers. Set Quality Service Standards On analyzing data, it was also noticed that people complaint about the non availability of quality products on the shelf. The database also showed that there are many items which are rarely bought by majority of customers. Few suppliers a lso supplying low quality items and due to huge orders, these low quality items goes un noticed. A list of all hot items were made and contact made with manufactures directly to supply these items to Makro. The low quality items were removed from shelf and meeting was held with suppliers of these items and a quality check mechanism was developed so that only accepted quality items reach to the shelf. The placement of more than 14000 items were also re shuffled. Employees of Makro suggested that there are few items, specially children toys and stationary is on the upper shelf and many times children ask floor staff to give these items. All these type of items were shifted to the lower portion of shelf where young one can access them easily and can decide what to choose. A web site is hosted where up to date information is available. Further, the whole sale customers can order on phone and their order is packed as per their requirement and ready at doorstep of Makro at their conven ient time. The new offers and deals also circulated to all whole sale customers on regular basis. Announced a 5% discount to all employees family who wants to shop in Makro. Build a winning team When the quality, price and convince were addressed, it is time to address the touch points. The complete customer cycle were studied in detail. From entering into Makro in parking lot to getting out from Makro. Following actions were taken * Parking staff and security staff were re trained â€Å"How to receive customers. † * The trolley are now available at different location of parking so that customer should not worry about finding trolley in the start. Few small shops and stall were opened at start of Makro which have attractive items with low price like CD/DVD shops, ladies bangles, purse, mobile accessories etc so that a perception is created that it is not a high price store. * The selection of floor staff was clearly made, keeping in view their residential area. Focus on mi ddle and upper middle class. They were trained how to greet customers and show them the way. Priority given to local residence at each store. * It was in their training â€Å"Not to disturb customers while they are looking at different items†. But if customer has any query then that should be answered. * The cash counter were increased and one more person was added who help customers in putting their items in shopping bags quickly with a smile. * The re check of bill at the end was finished as it disturb the customers. * Eating points increased with variety of food items. * The hot items are placed in multiple locations. * At parking lots, few boys were hired to bring the car at the door when customer finished the shopping so that customers don’t need to carry trolley all the way to parking lot. Check up regularly The strategy was in place, the action plan is now active. It is time to monitor the result and feedback. For this purpose, another department was opene d whose primary responsibility to get maximum feedback from customers with respect to all areas. The main areas were parking lots, main shopping hall, cash counters, eating places, ATM machines and few dedicated sponsors stall/shops. A standard form was prepared with ranking (from excellent to worse) and KPI and that is part of each departmental appraisal procedures. The main features of feedback form were: * Cleanliness * Reception * Payment procedures. * Floor Staff Support * Availability of products Through these feedback, the whole supply chain mechanism was monitored and appropriate actions were taken accordingly. The card system was introduced and to facilitate customers, point system was introduced in which shopping more than Rs: 10,000 will have discount of 5% and if within six months, if a customer earned more than 20% discounts then afterwards 10% discount will be offered. This scheme really worked out and helped Makro to retain customers. Provide proactive problem s olving According to a research 68% customers are upset because they did not receive proper treatment. Only 4% customers complaint and rest do no complaint because they think that it will be useless to mention it or they DID NOT FIND A PLACE WHERE THEY CAN COMPLAIN !!! Makro gain popularly through word of mouth as they adopted policy of less electronic media advertisement. It also adopted the strategy to consider complaints as opportunities and react it with full dedication. A fully equipped complaint center was opened in each Makro store where customer can come and register their complaint verbally or can fill out the form. Even to extent, customers were informed that they can call following numbers any time to logged their complaints and these numbers belong to higher management. It is also a part of policy that if a complaint is right, then after solving the complaint, something extra to be given to customers so that he can feel that he is treated â€Å"WELL† and he is n ot ignored but supported well and he was listened carefully. This ill build a trust between customers and can turn ordinary customers into loyal customers. The floor staff was trained in such a manner to move around the store and try to listen customers without disturbing them what they exactly talking about. For example one aged customer was saying to his wife, â€Å" I need only one shoe polish and they have set of five shoe polish, why they don’t provide option to buy single.? †. The action was taken and at many items option to buy single item was introduced and that really doubled the sale because as it was earlier mentioned that more than 50% costumers are individual customers. A team of expert is always present at frozen item section as customer investigate more about frozen food. At many occasions, team guide customers about new deals. A fortnightly newsletter with the name MakroMail introduced which not only consists of deals and new items details but also h ave complaint history, their resolutions, a thank you note to all customers for sharing their feeling with Makro. This newsletter is sent to 5000 customers twice in a month. Makro is searching for new location to open its new store in Karachi in case if sadder Makro become inaccessible. The case is in the court. Makro will try to adjust his employee at other locations. Conclusion Makro sale has reached 10 billion a year, a 25% increase since last year. Contributed Rs 750 million towards sales tax to government. Employed 300+ personnel. There are more than 14000 products on the shelf. These are not â€Å"ALL† the products, but this is what is required by customers. The use of right technology at right time gave Makro a competitive edge. The customer satisfaction can only be achieved through product and services. Its only matter how much one focus on each part. Customers are ambassador, treat them as invited guests to a party, and we are the hosts. Its our job every day t o make every important aspect of the customer experience a little bit better. There should be a culture where the voice of customer penetrates deep inside the organization and the management is steadfastly committed to creation and delivery of customer experience. Remain in cycle of Explore-;AgreeDeliverAssure Because what gets measured does get managed. When both customers and employees are engaged we are likely to see optimal customer experience (Reverse can be seen in government departments) Between rising unemployment rates and diving home values, consumers discretionary spending is evolving as much more selective, more informed, and more scarce, creating significant competitive challenges for retailers and suppliers alike. The ability of retailers to attract and maintain a loyal customer following requires customer-centric strategies in collaboration with suppliers. If we do the right thing for the consumer, it will be the right thing for the retailer, and in the end, it will be the right thing for the supplier community. ************************************************END***************************************************** Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Stroe Chain In Pakistan" essay for you Create order